1. Aquarium Basics

Now that your aquarium is entirely setup and has completed cycling it is time to start adding fish. Although it is tempting to go to your local fish store and start buying the most colorful fish you see, there are a few things…more.

You can buy fish, props, wallpapers, gravel, and “crawlers” (crabs and starfish) in the store for the three types of in-game currency: coins, pearls and Facebook credits. Coins are free and can be earned by selling fish and playing the mini-games, though if you find yourself in need of a bunch of coins quickly, more can be purchased using Facebook credits. Pearls are also free and are earned by leveling up (one for each level), and like coins, additional pearls can be purchased using Facebook credits. Some items in the game are only available for purchase with Facebook credits. Facebook credits are a currency maintained by Facebook for use in multiple applications on the site. Fifty Facebook credits cost $5.

On this website, we give out advice on several “levels”. The “levels” go from simple advice to complex in-depth explanations. I suggest one only do the “deep dives” if you are a real geek like me.

Aquatic plants do best with 10 to 12 hours of light per day. Leaving the light on longer will not compensate for weak lighting. It’s also important to create a consistent day/night cycle. If your aquarium light does not have a built-in timer, use a timer or digital power center to provide a consistent photoperiod. Replace High Output T5 and other fluorescent bulbs every 12 months to get the best light output. Finally, keep glass covers clean to allow maximum light penetration.

Then there are a series of articles which address what one might be interested in as a beginner in the aquarium hobby:

Creating bubbles using aquarium air pumps and airstones maintains proper water oxygen levels in the tank. This improves the overall health …

Choosing the right substrate ensures proper root development and anchoring of rooted plants. Fine to medium grade gravel or coarse sand are best, and you can also mix different grades for texture and aesthetics. Avoid ultra-fine sand and coarse gravel as fine sand compacts and doesn’t “breathe”, while coarse gravel inhibits proper root anchoring and may collect excessive amounts of organic debris. Install a 2” to 3” base and slope it higher towards the back of the aquarium. Terraces, hills and valleys also help create depth and dimension. Avoid dolomite, crushed coral, crushed oyster shells or other calcium carbonate-based substrates, as they will cause an undesirable rise in pH and alkalinity. Always rinse substrate before placing it in your aquarium.

Carbon can be supplied using liquid supplements as well as tablet and DIY yeast generators. All these methods are effective; however, the most reliable and convenient method of supplying CO2 is a pressurized injection system that is synchronized with the aquarium light. Since plant growth increases significantly with the use of CO2, it may be necessary to increase liquid nutrient dosing to keep up.

When you start the game, you’re given one 50-gallon tank that can hold up to 10 fish. This tank can be expanded with coins, up to 125 gallons with the ability to hold up to 40 fish. In addition, you can purchase and expand additional tanks, up to eight total, giving you the ability to own 320 fish.

Aquariums have blue light because it mimics the moonlight, illuminates the aquarium, and encourages the physical activity of the aquarium inhabitants. …

Aquatic plants do best with 10 to 12 hours of light per day. Leaving the light on longer will not compensate for weak lighting. It’s also important to create a consistent day/night cycle. If your aquarium light does not have a built-in timer, use a timer or digital power center to provide a consistent photoperiod. Replace High Output T5 and other fluorescent bulbs every 12 months to get the best light output. Finally, keep glass covers clean to allow maximum light penetration.

Your tank, filters, lights, and other aquarium accessories will have instructions on properly installing and setting them up. It’s essential to set your tank up and allow the water nutrient balance and temperature to level off. Once everything has been stable for 48 hours, you can start thinking about fish. Our knowledgeable staff can also help you make a plan to ensure your tank gets set up correctly and is fully ready for you to bring home some beautiful fish and start your underwater wonderland.

You will need to rinse your tank, gravel, decor pieces, and filter substrate well before getting your tank going. You also need to make sure your tank is level before you fill it with water. If you don’t have a carpenter’s level, you can simply add an inch or two of water to the bottom of your tank, let it settle, and then measure how far the water level is from the top edge of the tank on all four corners. Make sure you level the stand before you add any more water to it.

This chapter of this website is designed in levels of difficulty in a hierarchical numbered fashion. The first level, the level, is the fifteen point list below. Here is what to do if you are just beginning with aquariums:

Choosing the right substrate ensures proper root development and anchoring of rooted plants. Fine to medium grade gravel or coarse sand are best, and you can also mix different grades for texture and aesthetics. Avoid ultra-fine sand and coarse gravel as fine sand compacts and doesn’t “breathe”, while coarse gravel inhibits proper root anchoring and may collect excessive amounts of organic debris. Install a 2” to 3” base and slope it higher towards the back of the aquarium. Terraces, hills and valleys also help create depth and dimension. Avoid dolomite, crushed coral, crushed oyster shells or other calcium carbonate-based substrates, as they will cause an undesirable rise in pH and alkalinity. Always rinse substrate before placing it in your aquarium.

Choosing The Right Aquarium Filter

Reef tanks are the most popular form of saltwater tank because you get to keep all the cool stuff with your fish like live corals, shrimp, crabs, starfish, and anemones, just like a real coral reef. Any saltwater tank with fish and live corals is classified as a reef tank.

Live plants create natural beauty in an aquarium, but they also promote a balanced ecosystem and provide many benefits to your fish including:

Algae happens. And if it doesn’t, you’re lucky. We like to say, there are two types of aquariums: those which have had algae, and those which have to have algae.

Living things need light. This includes fish and any living plants you may add to the aquarium. A full hood can be purchased to fit most aquariums. This piece has dual functionality. Not only will it keep fish from jumping out (or kitties from pawing the fish), but it also will feature a light built in. Opt for a fluorescent bulb because it uses less energy, is brighter, lasts longer and does not produce too much heat. A saltwater tank with corals may need combination lighting.

Now that your aquarium is entirely setup and has completed cycling it is time to start adding fish. Although it is tempting to go to your local fish store and start buying the most colorful fish you see, there are a few things…more.

Fish stocking depends on a lot of factors like the eventual size the fish will grow to, its activity levels, and if it’s territorial towards other fishes. Fish also pollute the water they’re living in so there needs to be sufficient filtration and beneficial bacteria in order to break down their waste. In a 100-liter/26-gallon tank, stick to just four or five fish with a maximum size of two inches. You can always fill the tank with an unlimited number of corals, as well as small shrimp, snails, and hermit crabs.

When laying out your plant scape, place tall or rapid growing plants in back, broadleaf and “showy” plants towards the center and low-profile plants in front. Many foreground species grow laterally, so make sure you leave enough room for them to spread out. Be careful not to plant shorter plants next to tall broadleaf species that may block light to them.

Yes, the technology and experience are such that now a complete beginner can set up and maintain a successful reef aquarium, even if they haven’t even kept goldfish or tropical fish before. You just need patience, some dedication, and the right people to show you how.

There are many different types of aquariums, each with its own unique features and requirements. In this guide, we will explore …

Although it is easy to simply purchase an aquarium kit, many of us choose to build our own set-up piece by piece. When this is the case, one of the most important decisions to face is which filter to use. Since this…more.

Certain special sea creatures like a turtle, otter, or penguin can only be obtained by “adopting” them from your friends. Occasionally, when you’re playing the game, you’ll get a notification that you found one of these creatures and can put it up for adoption. This means the game will post a status update on your page for all of your friends to see, and they can then adopt the creature. The reverse is true if you want the creature for your own tank. A friend will need to put one up for adoption.

Whether you’ve always wanted a fish tank, or you miss the fish you had as a kid; there’s never been a better time to start a home aquarium! Fish make excellent first pets for kids or low-maintenance pets for folks who like to keep a busy schedule or a spotless home! They’re easy and rewarding to care for, and they’ll surprise you with their big personalities.

It is incredibly easy to set up an aquarium since all that is required is water, a container capable of holding that water, and fish. It becomes a little more complex when you desire to keep those fish alive…more.

On this website, we give out advice on several “levels”. The “levels” go from simple advice to complex in-depth explanations. I suggest one only do the “deep dives” if you are a real geek like me.

Discover freshwater aquariums with our guides covering fish types, tank setup… Create your aquatic paradise!

Live plants create natural beauty in an aquarium, but they also promote a balanced ecosystem and provide many benefits to your fish including:

Before you can start buying beautiful fish and aquatic plants for your aquarium, you’ll need to choose the perfect aquarium tank. …

To keep a healthy tank, change 20 percent of your water every week. The water changes in combination with a proper filtration system can be key to maintaining healthy fish. The aquarium filter will trap waste, but it also allows the water to pass through and circulate. Filter styles vary and include under-gravel filters, canister filters and power filters. A pH test will need to be performed after the filter has run for a few hours.

Aquarium lights help simulate natural sunlight, which regulates the sleep-wake cycle for your fish and helps in photosynthesis for live plants. …

Aquarium stands must be sturdy. Opt for one that is level and strong and does not wobble. A wrought iron or wooden stand designed specifically for aquariums is usually best for tanks 10 gallons or larger. A cabinet version with storage area in the base will also work and offers space to store supplies. Be sure your aquarium’s location is away from direct sunlight, as this can cause algae to build up in the tank.

Aquariums have blue light because it mimics the moonlight, illuminates the aquarium, and encourages the physical activity of the aquarium inhabitants. …

CO2 for Aquatic Plants

Aquatic plants use nitrogen and phosphorous as well as potassium, iron, magnesium, manganese and other minerals to grow. Most of the nitrogen and phosphorus comes from fish food and waste, however, minerals must be added to the aquarium on a regular basis. Depending on plant species, nutrients are taken in through leaves, roots or both. Aqueon Aquarium Plant Food provides proper liquid nutrition for most aquatic plant species. Dose weekly or add partial doses every few days to make sure your plants have a steady supply.

Aquarium stands must be sturdy. Opt for one that is level and strong and does not wobble. A wrought iron or wooden stand designed specifically for aquariums is usually best for tanks 10 gallons or larger. A cabinet version with storage area in the base will also work and offers space to store supplies. Be sure your aquarium’s location is away from direct sunlight, as this can cause algae to build up in the tank.

Purchasing a freshwater master kit may be the most useful, money saving item you invest in as a aquarist. Any good test kit will include a way to test pH, ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate which will allow you to…more.

The symbiosis between clownfish and anemones is unique to saltwater, and reef tanks.

The second level of complexity just adds some science to the setup of an aquarium. There are three topics of interest: chlorine, feeding, and “cycling”. This second level of complexity is covered in this article:

Although it is easy to simply purchase an aquarium kit, many of us choose to build our own set-up piece by piece. When this is the case, one of the most important decisions to face is which filter to use. Since this…more.

Unleash the underwater wonders in your own home with expert guidance on fish species, tank setups, and captivating design ideas.

Some corals can cause a rash but most of the ones we keep in reef tanks don’t. Stony corals can be rough or spiky to the touch so just handle them with care or use caution when cleaning. You can do much more damage to them than most of them can do to you.

Some things can stink like the protein skimmer, which collects dirt from the water as it cleans it. But it only smells when the collection cup is full and you take a big sniff close up. Dead fish and corals can smell, but with the right advice and as you gain experience that won’t happen. Some people are sensitive to the smell of saltwater fish tanks whereas others (like us,) love it!

Proper circulation is important to plants as well. It ensures a steady supply of nutrients, inhibits algae growth and prevents the accumulation of organic debris on leaves.

If you’re an aquarium enthusiast, you know that choosing the right stand for your precious fish tank is just as important …

When you start the game, you’re given one 50-gallon tank that can hold up to 10 fish. This tank can be expanded with coins, up to 125 gallons with the ability to hold up to 40 fish. In addition, you can purchase and expand additional tanks, up to eight total, giving you the ability to own 320 fish.

Aquarium lights help simulate natural sunlight, which regulates the sleep-wake cycle for your fish and helps in photosynthesis for live plants. …

Cycling an aquarium is the most important thing you will do before purchasing fish for your new tank. It allows you to add fish with the confidence that any waste produced is quickly converted…more.

Can touching coral hurt you?

Some corals can cause a rash but most of the ones we keep in reef tanks don’t. Stony corals can be rough or spiky to the touch so just handle them with care or use caution when cleaning. You can do much more damage to them than most of them can do to you.

You will need to rinse your tank, gravel, decor pieces, and filter substrate well before getting your tank going. You also need to make sure your tank is level before you fill it with water. If you don’t have a carpenter’s level, you can simply add an inch or two of water to the bottom of your tank, let it settle, and then measure how far the water level is from the top edge of the tank on all four corners. Make sure you level the stand before you add any more water to it.

Now that your aquarium is entirely setup and has completed cycling it is time to start adding fish. Although it is tempting to go to your local fish store and start buying the most colorful fish you see, there are a few things…more.

What are just the bare basics of keeping a fish aquarium? This first chapter of the aquarium science website is a series of basic articles on what science has found out is the best way to set up a beginner’s aquarium. This science points out that the aquarium is a natural system. And Mother Nature is both very flexible and very forgiving. As a result, there a great many ways to be very successful with aquariums.

Here’s everything that you should know about aquariums. Right from how to set them up to taking care of them in the best possible manner.

You can buy fish, props, wallpapers, gravel, and “crawlers” (crabs and starfish) in the store for the three types of in-game currency: coins, pearls and Facebook credits. Coins are free and can be earned by selling fish and playing the mini-games, though if you find yourself in need of a bunch of coins quickly, more can be purchased using Facebook credits. Pearls are also free and are earned by leveling up (one for each level), and like coins, additional pearls can be purchased using Facebook credits. Some items in the game are only available for purchase with Facebook credits. Facebook credits are a currency maintained by Facebook for use in multiple applications on the site. Fifty Facebook credits cost $5.

Discover freshwater aquariums with our guides covering fish types, tank setup… Create your aquatic paradise!

The core gameplay of Happy Aquarium is a virtual fish tank. There’s no way to “win” the game, but there are some things you can do to maximize your experience and gain access to the more expensive fish.

It is incredibly easy to set up an aquarium since all that is required is water, a container capable of holding that water, and fish. It becomes a little more complex when you desire to keep those fish alive…more.

Although it is easy to simply purchase an aquarium kit, many of us choose to build our own set-up piece by piece. When this is the case, one of the most important decisions to face is which filter to use. Since this…more.

For a reef tank, you need a tank, a stand, a heater, lights, a pump, salt, and water. You may also need a protein skimmer, an automatic top-off, some filter media to cleanse the water, test kits, and a hydrometer to measure the salt level. There are dozens of different gadgets you can add to a reef tank and some people like the equipment side as much as the fish and corals, but you can also run a basic reef tank with basic equipment. If you leave corals out and just want to keep a pair of clownfish for example, you’ll need even less equipment to keep them happy and healthy and long term.

An aquarium filter removes physical and soluble waste, maintains water quality, and creates a healthy environment for aquatic life. But which …

It will cost a few hundred dollars to buy the tank and basic equipment, a few hundred dollars to buy the lights, a few hundred to buy test kits, salt, and decoration, and a few hundred more for fish and corals. There will also be the running costs on about one kilowatt of electricity and ongoing costs like fish food, salt, and water tests. The smaller the tank, the smaller the setup and running costs will be. Ask your local online reefkeeping community to help you get set up if you get stuck. They may give you some common coral frags for free or sell you some used items of equipment. Once you have the tank, equipment, and livestock, actual running costs can be quite low. It really depends on how fanatical you want to be about your new hobby, and how addicted you get!

There are a few basic things you need for your new aquarium to get started:

Certain special sea creatures like a turtle, otter, or penguin can only be obtained by “adopting” them from your friends. Occasionally, when you’re playing the game, you’ll get a notification that you found one of these creatures and can put it up for adoption. This means the game will post a status update on your page for all of your friends to see, and they can then adopt the creature. The reverse is true if you want the creature for your own tank. A friend will need to put one up for adoption.

The symbiosis between clownfish and anemones is unique to saltwater, and reef tanks.

Cycling an aquarium is the most important thing you will do before purchasing fish for your new tank. It allows you to add fish with the confidence that any waste produced is quickly converted…more.

Your tank, filters, lights, and other aquarium accessories will have instructions on properly installing and setting them up. It’s essential to set your tank up and allow the water nutrient balance and temperature to level off. Once everything has been stable for 48 hours, you can start thinking about fish. Our knowledgeable staff can also help you make a plan to ensure your tank gets set up correctly and is fully ready for you to bring home some beautiful fish and start your underwater wonderland.

For plants that take in nutrients through the roots, some aquatic plant enthusiasts mix laterite, an iron rich clay, into the substrate when setting up their aquariums. Others use special aquatic plant substrates that contain embedded nutrients. Yet another method is to insert fertilizer tablets into the substrate near plant roots. Do not use plant tabs or fertilizer sticks intended for houseplants as they may not have the correct balance of nutrients for aquatic plants.

What do I need for a marine tank?

Aquarium stands must be sturdy. Opt for one that is level and strong and does not wobble. A wrought iron or wooden stand designed specifically for aquariums is usually best for tanks 10 gallons or larger. A cabinet version with storage area in the base will also work and offers space to store supplies. Be sure your aquarium’s location is away from direct sunlight, as this can cause algae to build up in the tank.

Now that your aquarium is entirely setup and has completed cycling it is time to start adding fish. Although it is tempting to go to your local fish store and start buying the most colorful fish you see, there are a few things…more.

Choosing the right light for a planted aquarium depends on which species you want to grow and how tall your aquarium is. Some plant species need more intense light to thrive, and because light does not penetrate water very well, a stronger light source is needed for taller aquariums. Aquatic plants do best under full spectrum light with a Kelvin rating or “color temperature” between 6,500K and 8,000K. Always choose a light source specifically designed for growing aquarium plants; those designed for houseplants do not have the correct Kelvin rating. High Output T5 fluorescent and LED offer the best lighting for aquarium plants.

Some corals can cause a rash but most of the ones we keep in reef tanks don’t. Stony corals can be rough or spiky to the touch so just handle them with care or use caution when cleaning. You can do much more damage to them than most of them can do to you.

A heater and thermometer are additional aquarium basics that cannot be overlooked. Changes in water temperature can stress fish and create problems in your tank. A saltwater aquarium needs to be kept between 75 and 79 degrees. Gravel, a gravel vacuum, an algae scrubber, fish food, a fish net, plants and decorations are other basics for an aquarium. Don’t forget a fish-only bucket for when it is time to clean the aquarium.

One common problem with this hobby is that hobbyists overthink it. Don’t go down that rabbit hole. Keep it simple and you will do just fine.

Some things can stink like the protein skimmer, which collects dirt from the water as it cleans it. But it only smells when the collection cup is full and you take a big sniff close up. Dead fish and corals can smell, but with the right advice and as you gain experience that won’t happen. Some people are sensitive to the smell of saltwater fish tanks whereas others (like us,) love it!

Aquatic plants use nitrogen and phosphorous as well as potassium, iron, magnesium, manganese and other minerals to grow. Most of the nitrogen and phosphorus comes from fish food and waste, however, minerals must be added to the aquarium on a regular basis. Depending on plant species, nutrients are taken in through leaves, roots or both. Aqueon Aquarium Plant Food provides proper liquid nutrition for most aquatic plant species. Dose weekly or add partial doses every few days to make sure your plants have a steady supply.

Yes, the technology and experience are such that now a complete beginner can set up and maintain a successful reef aquarium, even if they haven’t even kept goldfish or tropical fish before. You just need patience, some dedication, and the right people to show you how.

If you were planning to set your aquarium on a piece of furniture you already have, make sure it is good and sturdy. If you want a bigger tank and are not confident about your furniture stability, it’s best to choose a tank stand to go with it, as they are specifically designed to support a full tank’s weight. Many of them also have convenient storage underneath for supplies and accessories. Keep in mind that there will be inevitable water drips and spills, so you may not want to set your fish tank on grandma’s solid wood heirloom hutch!

You can buy fish, props, wallpapers, gravel, and “crawlers” (crabs and starfish) in the store for the three types of in-game currency: coins, pearls and Facebook credits. Coins are free and can be earned by selling fish and playing the mini-games, though if you find yourself in need of a bunch of coins quickly, more can be purchased using Facebook credits. Pearls are also free and are earned by leveling up (one for each level), and like coins, additional pearls can be purchased using Facebook credits. Some items in the game are only available for purchase with Facebook credits. Facebook credits are a currency maintained by Facebook for use in multiple applications on the site. Fifty Facebook credits cost $5.

The core gameplay of Happy Aquarium is a virtual fish tank. There’s no way to “win” the game, but there are some things you can do to maximize your experience and gain access to the more expensive fish.

If you were planning to set your aquarium on a piece of furniture you already have, make sure it is good and sturdy. If you want a bigger tank and are not confident about your furniture stability, it’s best to choose a tank stand to go with it, as they are specifically designed to support a full tank’s weight. Many of them also have convenient storage underneath for supplies and accessories. Keep in mind that there will be inevitable water drips and spills, so you may not want to set your fish tank on grandma’s solid wood heirloom hutch!

Carbon is essential to healthy plant growth. Aquatic plants consume CO2 and produce oxygen during the day, while at night the process is reversed. Many dedicated plant enthusiasts add supplemental CO2 during the day to enhance plant size, color and growth. Beginning aquarists often ask if additional CO2 is necessary for successful plant growth. The short answer is no. Most aquatic plants don’t require additional CO2 to grow, but their size, color and vibrancy are always better when it is added. Compare a planted aquarium that uses supplemental CO2 to one that does not to appreciate this.

Whether you’ve always wanted a fish tank, or you miss the fish you had as a kid; there’s never been a better time to start a home aquarium! Fish make excellent first pets for kids or low-maintenance pets for folks who like to keep a busy schedule or a spotless home! They’re easy and rewarding to care for, and they’ll surprise you with their big personalities.

An aquarium filter removes physical and soluble waste, maintains water quality, and creates a healthy environment for aquatic life. But which …