Preventing Heat Stroke in Horses: Tips for Keeping Your Equine Companion Safe

As the summer months heat up, it is important to be aware of the risks of heat stroke in horses. Heat stroke is a serious condition that can be fatal if not treated quickly. Horses can suffer from heat stroke if they are exposed to high temperatures and humidity for extended periods of time. It is important to take steps to protect your horse from this potentially deadly condition.

The first step in preventing heat stroke is to provide your horse with plenty of shade. Make sure your horse has access to a shady area at all times, such as a barn or a tree. If your horse is kept in a pasture, make sure that it has access to a well-ventilated area with plenty of shade. You should also provide your horse with plenty of water to keep it hydrated. Make sure to check the water several times a day and provide fresh water if necessary.

It is also important to limit your horse’s exercise in hot weather. This should include limiting the amount of time your horse spends in the sun, as well as avoiding strenuous activities. If your horse is used for riding, make sure to take frequent breaks and provide plenty of water. If your horse is kept in a stall, make sure to provide plenty of ventilation and keep the area cool.

Finally, it is important to monitor your horse’s temperature and look for signs of heat stroke. If your horse is showing signs of heat stroke, such as increased heart rate, excessive sweating, or lethargy, it is important to immediately move it to a cool area and provide plenty of water. If the symptoms persist, it is important to seek veterinary care as soon as possible.

By following these tips, you can help ensure that your horse stays healthy and safe during the hot summer months. By taking the necessary steps to protect your horse from heat stroke, you can help ensure that your horse enjoys a long and healthy life.

Heatstroke in horses

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It is important owners take precautions to avoid their horses getting heatstroke as the severest cases can be fatal.

It is important owners take precautions to avoid their horses getting heatstroke as the severest cases can be fatal.

Heatstroke occurs when the horse’s internal body temperature becomes too high and can, in the severest cases, be fatal particularly if the horse is dehydrated or lacking electrolytes. It is important that owners take all precautions to avoid heatstroke occurring.

The key with heatstroke is spotting the signs early and whilst these vary from horse to horse, they can include; excessive sweating, heavy rapid breathing, an elevated heart and respiratory rate, and altered behaviour which can progress from dull/listless to panicky or manic as the condition becomes more serious. Individual horses cope differently with hot or humid weather conditions so it is important to know what is normal for your horse in order that you can spot any changes as soon as they occur.

1. Acclimatising your horse

Horses can become acclimatised to working in hot conditions by careful exposure to gradually increasing periods of exercise in the heat. If your horse has not been acclimatised, or the weather suddenly becomes very hot, try to avoid prolonged or intense periods of exercise in hot conditions and similarly avoid exercise during the hottest times of the day. Remember that increased humidity will reduce the horse’s ability to lose heat through sweating so that conditions of high temperature combined with high humidity make heat stress more likely to occur.

2. Cooling down after exercise

Finish your exercise session with walking to begin the cooling process. When back at the yard or water point, remove all tack as quickly as possible and then wet the whole horse with copious quantities of cold water. As cold water is continuously applied it will displace the water that warms up on the horse’s skin so that scraping off in between applications of water is not necessary. Walk your horse lightly whilst cooling to aid circulation and help him to cool down more effectively. Do not apply wet towels or cooler rugs during the cooling process.

3. Access to water and shade

Ensure that your horse has free access to water at all times and if you do need to exercise him strenuously in hot weather, they will need supplementation with electrolytes in feed and drinking water to assist with rehydration. Remember that the horse may need time to accept electrolyte water with so offer a choice of plain water as well.

Utilise any shade that may be available and avoid rugging your horse as this can cause their temperature to become artificially elevated.

4. Considering Clipping

If your horse has a particularly thick coat or if you exercise them strenuously during hot weather then consider clipping them to help him to regulate his body temperature. Lean horses adapt better to hot conditions and lose heat more effectively, so that overweight horses are more at risk of heatstroke so take extra care with them.

5. Travelling

Trailers and horseboxes can become very hot inside when the weather conditions are warm so try to avoid travelling your horse in these conditions and if you do have to travel ensure you have plenty of water on board and ventilate the vehicle as best you can. Park the vehicle in the shade before loading to reduce loading temperature. You may wish to consider travelling at night if the temperature is lower. Horses lose significant amounts of water when travelling in hot weather especially; around 2-3 kg / hour of transport. If you have a long journey it is essential to allow the horse at least 24-48 hours to recover before exercising strenuously.

Hydration guidelines for equines

Download our guide to ensuring your horse is properly hydrated when travelling

If you suspect that your horse is suffering from heatstroke, you should cease any exercise immediately, call your vet and cool the horse as quickly as possible as detailed above. Remember to keep the horse moving while cooling. In the unlikely event that the horse collapses, maintain the cooling from a safe position until veterinary help arrives.

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This article was co-authored by . Jessica Rude is an Equine Expert currently working on a cutting horse ranch in Valley View, Texas as well as a horseback riding center in Princeton, Texas. Previously, she was a Trail Guide and Wrangler at a camp and retreat center In Dallas, Texas, and an Equine Breeding Barn Manager at a reining ranch in Tioga, Texas. Jessica holds a Bachelor’s degree in Animal Science with an emphasis in Equine Science from Tarleton State University. She has studied equine nutrition, reproduction, and management. Jessica specializes in equine breeding as well as instructing horseback riding lessons, leading trail rides, recognizing equine illnesses, and administering treatments. There are cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been viewed 48,880 times.

Like any other athlete, a horse must warm up before exercise and cool down afterwards. In addition to getting your horse’s body temperature back down to normal, cooling off is important for relaxing its muscles and returning the horse’s heart and breathing rates to normal. Although your horse’s body has natural ways to release excess heat, there will be times when it will need your help to cool down. Knowing how to cool off your horse properly will help it to recover more quickly after exercise.

You can cool your horse by walking it in the shade for 10-15 minutes after exercising, which will increase its circulation to help cool its body. On particularly hot days, use a sponge or hose to douse your horse in cold water after a workout, which will stop it from sweating too much and becoming dehydrated. Make sure to offer your horse sips of cold water both during and after exercise so that it stays hydrated and doesn’t overheat. However, don’t let your horse drink too quickly, as this can cause muscle cramps.

Preventing heat stress in horses

On summer days, it can be difficult to distinguish normal fatigue and sweatiness from dangerous heat stress in horses. Here’s what to look for and how to safeguard your horse’s well-being.

Each summer we are reminded of an unfortunate fact: The very same warm, sunny weather we so much enjoy can be difficult for our horses to cope with. A horse must expend considerable energy just to keep cool as temperatures climb.

That doesn’t mean, of course, that you can’t enjoy most of your favorite equestrian activities even on relatively hot days. But you’ll want to take precautions and be vigilant in watching for the earliest signs of heat stress in horses. Extra care also needs to be taken to protect horses being transported or kept in dry lots or paddocks with little shade. Heat stress in horses can range from poor performance to potentially fatal heat stroke. And the progression from the first stage of trouble to the last can be swift. That makes it critical to recognize the signs of heat stress in horses and to intervene immediately when you spot them.

Stage 1: Dehydration

Anytime a horse sweats, he loses fluids first from his bloodstream, then from his gut and the spaces between cells. If he continues to perspire, fluid is eventually drawn from within the cells. If he is mildly to moderately dehydrated, a horse with access to water will usually drink enough on his own to recover. In some cases, however, overexertion, illness or severe dehydration prevents a horse from taking in enough water to compensate for his fluid losses. Two simple tests can be used to identify dehydration: To do the skin-pinch test, grasp a fold of skin at the point of the shoulder and release it. If the horse is well hydrated, the skin should snap back into place in less than a second. The longer it takes for the skin to flatten, the greater the level of dehydration. However, skin elasticity varies among horses, so you want to learn what is normal for your horse when he is rested and fully hydrated. For the capillaryrefill test, press gently on the horse’s gum just above an upper incisor and note how long it takes for the pink color to return to the blanched spot. Two seconds or less is normal; longer times indicate dehydration.

When a horse works too long without replenishing fluids and critical electrolytes, he may develop synchronous diaphragmatic flutter (“thumps”) or exertional rhabdomyolysis (“tying up”).

Stage 2: Heat Exhaustion

Once a horse has started to dehydrate, his capacity to control his body temperature diminishes. If his main cooling system–sweating–begins to fail, and his body temperature reaches 104 to 108 degrees Fahrenheit, he enters the danger zone, where physiological changes start to occur. This is known as heat exhaustion.

“Enzymes that control the chemical reactions within the body are sensitive to heat,” says David Marlin, PhD, of Hartpury College in Gloucester, England, an equine exercise physiologist who helped prepare standards of care for horses competing in the 1996 Atlanta Olympic Games and the 2008 Olympic equestrian games in Hong Kong. “Enzymes are proteins, and if you start to heat proteins, they change their structure, which usually changes their function.” He adds that enzymes can return to their original structure and function if the heat was not too extreme or prolonged. Enzymes function best within a temperature range of about 98 to 104 degrees Fahrenheit.

Warning signs that a horse is approaching heat exhaustion include a reduction or cessation of perspiration or a thickening of sweat while the skin remains hot to the touch–all indications that his fluid reserves are running low. “This doubles or triples the threat and risk for heat stroke,” says Barney Fleming, DVM, who practices in Custer, South Dakota, and monitors endurance rides all over the country. The horse has run out of ways to cool himself, so his temperature will shoot even higher.

Sometimes, however, the signs of impending heat exhaustion are difficult to recognize: “The scary part is that a lot of horses have a tremendous amount of heart and will continue to work even though they’re distressed,” says Middleburg, Virginia, sports medicine expert Kent Allen, DVM, who served as a veterinary coordinator for the Atlanta Olympics in 1996. “Those horses will keep going but lose some impulsion. Where normally the horse’s ears would be pricked forward and he shows enthusiasm for the job, he may now be lop-eared and droopy, without a focus anymore. Don’t keep pressing the horse or he may keep going until he collapses.”

Stage 3: Heat Stroke

Heat exhaustion can advance to heat stroke quickly. If a horse’s body temperature rises to 106 degrees Fahrenheit for prolonged periods or if it increases to about 108 degrees for more than 15 minutes, the consequences can be serious. “If you heat enzymes too much, or to a slightly higher temperature for a long time, they may change irreversibly,” says Marlin. “Then a lot of the reactions that should be taking place in the body stop happening. This is heat stroke.”

The brain is extremely vulnerable to elevated heat and will be among the first organs to show effects. It contains a lot of protein and is the site of many crucial enzyme reactions that influence the entire body. “One reason we start to see neurological signs in people with heat stroke is due to these changes,” says Marlin. “They get headaches and balance issues, and we see these problems in horses as well.” Signs of heat stroke vary, depending on the nature and extent of any brain damage, but include

If you suspect your horse is developing heat stroke, call a veterinarian immediately and take extreme measures to cool your horse quickly; his life is in serious danger.

Cooling Off

Halting the downward spiral of an overheated horse requires active intervention the moment you recognize the problem. The extent of the measures you need to take depends on how hot the horse has gotten. If he’s still alert, still sweating normally, and his rectal temperature reads 104 degrees Fahrenheit or lower, he is overheated but not in danger. “He just needs walking around, letting him drink, and some washing down with cool water,” says Allen. “It’s normal for a horse to heat this much while working.”

But, when a horse starts edging toward severe overheating, more extreme cooling measures are necessary:

• First, Keep him walking, to encourage circulation that will bring more heated blood to the surface of the skin for cooling; if there’s a breeze, walk him in circles to expose him to the cooling air on all sides.

A hot horse needs to take in as much water as he wants to replace what he lost through sweating. And don’t worry about the temperature of the water. One myth that still crops up is the notion that letting a hot horse drink cold water will cause colic and muscle cramps. But there’s no scientific basis for that fear.

Another false notion is that putting cold water on hot muscles will constrict the blood vessels and lead to cramping; however, studies done in preparation for the 1996 Olympic Games in Atlanta failed to identify any ill effects from the practice. “We disproved the myth that if you put cold water over the big muscles the horse would tie up,” Allen says.

“Cooling the horse with [room temperature] water all over the body is fine in a hot, dry climate,” says Marlin. The water will evaporate quickly into the dry air. “If it’s hot and humid, you need water that’s lower in temperature.” Add ice to buckets of water to cool it to as low as 40 degrees Fahrenheit before applying it to the horse. If the horse’s body temperature is edging upward into the danger zone—106 degrees or higher—douse as much of his body as possible with the coldest water available.

Continue to monitor your horse’s temperature as you walk and cool him. Within 10 minutes, you ought to see around a 2 degree Fahrenheit drop. Stop using the cold water once his temperature drops to 101 degrees Fahrenheit or lower, his respiration approaches normal and the skin on his hindquarters feels cool to the touch after a walking period. If the horse is not back to normal and drinking readily within an hour, then summon immediate veterinary assistance. He may need intravenous hydration and other measures.

Summer is prime time for riding, and the chance to spend a sunny day in the saddle is hard to pass up. But if you’re going to ride when it’s hot, plan ahead for cooling off–keep buckets of cold water beside the arena for your horse to drink or choose a trail that goes through shaded areas and crosses water–and be alert for signs of heat injury. With a few basic precautions, and a bit of attentiveness to your horse’s needs, there’s no reason why the hot days can’t be safe and comfortable for both of you.

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How to spot and prevent heatstroke in horses

What is heatstroke?

Heat stroke (also known as heat exhaustion or hyperthermia) is very dangerous in animals, and in some severe cases can be fatal. When horses are performing excessive amounts of work in very hot or humid weather, the horse is unable to lose body heat causing its body temperature to go up rapidly.

Not only can a horse get heat stroke when doing exercise, but on very hot days a horse’s body temperature can rise when in the field or stable. Stables are usually made from wood and so can heat up very quickly. Although it may seem like the best idea to get the horse out of the sun, it can be far hotter in a stable, giving the horse no way of escaping the heat. The ideal situation would be to turn the horse out in a field with lots of shelter, i. e. trees or a field shelter. This will allow the horse to access the shade to get out of the sun.

How to prevent heatstroke

Below are some tips on how to prevent your horse from overheating:

What to do if you suspect your horse has heatstroke?

Once you notice any of the signs of heatstroke in your horse, as quickly as possible:

Want to know more about horses? Here’s 20 great facts including ribbons, hooves, sweet tooth’s and more!

In this article we explain dehydration in horses, including the causes, symptoms and how to prevent it.

There are multiple diseases that flies can give horses, so here are our top tips on how to prevent this.

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When is it too hot for horses?

When is it too hot for horses? What temperature is too hot for horses? How hot can horses tolerate? How to spot when a horse is too hot? How to spot a hot horse?

These are some of the questions I get asked all the time and with lots of conflicting advice on the internet and social media it’s easy to understand why owners may be confused. Just in case you are not aware of my credentials to write advice on this topic, I worked for the FEI before the 1996 Atlanta Olympic Games on the management of horses in thermally challenging environments. I have also published a larger number of research papers on this topic and have been involved as an advisor to the FEI at the Athens, Beijing and Tokyo Olympic Games as well as a number of World Equestrian Games.

Horses do exist in some of the coldest and hottest places on earth. But breeds in the hottest climates tend to be thinner and more angular, for example, Arabians, as opposed to the heavier draught or Warmblood types. So the Arabian and Thoroughbred type horses are naturally more suited to hot climates. If you live in a temperate climate, such as the UK, then summer temperatures of 20-25°C pose little problem to most horses. However, sudden heatwaves are a risk, particularly for older horses, young horses, overweight horses and horses with long-term health issues such as heart disease or equine asthma or Cushings. Sudden heatwaves are also a problem as horses and ponies will not be adapted or acclimatised to the higher heat. This takes several months of living at higher temperatures or several weeks of training. So for example, a fit event horse that is coping fine in normal summer weather may really struggle if asked to do the same work when it’s 10-15°C warmer. Acclimatisation will help to some degree, but a reduction in exercise capacity will be inevitable. If in any doubt, the safest approach is to clearly avoid exercising in the hotter part of the day unless you are aiming to acclimatise.

Even at rest, some horses and ponies may be uncomfortable in the heat. Some horses and ponies may be better off outside compared with inside depending on the stable construction and materials. For example, wooden stables with black felt roofs can be very hot in the day in summer whereas old brick stables with high ceilings may be much cooler than outside. To make horses and ponies more comfortable spraying them all over with water and allowing them to dry naturally can make a big difference. If they have to wear fly rugs then these can also be wetted down to increase comfort.

How much heat an animal produces during exercise is related to its oxygen consumption. Horses are able to use oxygen 2-3 times faster than we can, even allowing for differences in size. They, therefore, produce heat 2-3 times faster than we do. Horses are large animals and as such find it more difficult to get rid of heat than people for example. The majority of heat loss in people and horses occurs at the body surface. So whilst a horse is 6-7 times larger than a person it only has 2.5 times more skin surface – this is great for keeping warm in cold weather but not optimal for getting rid of body heat in hot weather. The horse has evolved however to sweat more than any other animal. Horses are also able to tolerate much higher body temperatures than we can. So whilst a person would be seriously ill with a body temperature of 40°C a horse can tolerate 42.5°C for short periods of time.

Horses that have become too hot can easily be spotted. Firstly, they will be covered all over in sweat and the blood vessels in the skin will be raised. They will be “blowing” hard – very deep and noisy breathing with flared nostrils. They will feel hot to touch and may also be excited or alternatively appear unaware of or unreactive to their surroundings. They are also often unsteady on their feet (ataxic). Keeping them slowly walking with gentle turns can help reduce the risk of horses going down. Finally, if a rectal temperature is taken it is likely that this will show above 40°C. When horses finish exercising the rectal temperature lags behind that of the muscles as heat is “moved” around the body. So a horse that finishes a race or competition at 40°C may easily increase to 41°C or more over the next 5-10 min as the rectal temperature “catches up” with the rest of the body.

The higher the temperature the more urgent the need to cool the horse down. Cooling should start without delay and even before a rectal temperature is taken. The most effective way is to continually cover as much of the horse with water for 5-10 min before stopping to review how the horse is doing. It is a waste of time trying to cool specific areas such as large veins. If you have access to cold water that will cool the horse quicker with no risk. But even cool water at say 30°C will bring a horse’s temperature down; it will just take more water and longer. If you are using a hose then don’t forget to run it in case the water inside has been heated up in the sun. If in doubt seek veterinary advice.

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Dr David Marlin is a physiologist and biochemist who has worked in academia, research and professional sport. He has worked in the equestrian and veterinary world and in human sport, healthcare, medicine and exercise science. In 1989 David obtained his PhD from the UK’s leading sports university, Loughborough University following a four-year study on the responses of Thoroughbred racehorses to exercise and training, undertaken at the renowned Animal Health Trust in Newmarket. You can read David’s full biography in the Our Website section.

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David Marlin has been involved with horses all his life and is an experienced equine scientist. He has always been passionate about equine welfare and as a result has been involved in many campaigns. You can read more about David in the .

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Do horses get heatstroke?

Although we don’t see the high temperatures in the UK that would be common in other countries, our horses can still suffer from heatstroke. So it is important to be aware of the signs and what to do if it occurs.

Exercising a horse in very hot weather comes with a risk of heatstroke. Heat is produced by the body during exercise and this continues to increase with the length and intensity of exercise. Sweat is produced in an effort to cool the body. But if the amount of heat that the body is subject to outweighs the cooling effects of sweating, then the horse can overheat, especially if they haven’t been drinking much water. An overweight horse or one with a thick coat can overheat without performing intense exercise. They should be monitored more closely.

When travelling a horse in hot weather, remember that it can get quite warm inside a trailer, there may be little ventilation and the horse will probably not have had access to water during the journey, therefore they can also be prone to heatstroke.

Signs of heatstroke include profuse sweating and an increase in breathing rate and effort, stumbling or staggering may also be observed. The horse may seem quiet, behaving abnormally or collapsing. These signs are very serious and you should call your vet straight away, if this happens at a competition, there is often a vet on-site (and almost always one on-call) that can attend.

If the horse is being ridden, you should dismount immediately and remove the saddle, the horse should be offered a drink of cool water and more cool water should be thrown over the horse. The horse should be walked to encourage cooling unless they have collapsed or are struggling to walk. The aim is to bring the body temperature down to the normal range and multiple buckets of cool water may be required, once the water has absorbed the heat from the horse’s skin, it can be scraped off and more water can be applied. In severe cases, a horse may require intravenous fluid therapy at a veterinary hospital but this decision will be made by your vet and will depend on the severity of the signs and the response to treatment.

If it is expected to be hot during the day, try to ride your horse in the morning or evening instead when the temperature will be lower. If competing in the summer, ensure that your horse is fit enough to take part by building up the type and length of exercise gradually, it is also worth acclimatising them to work during the day as the competition is more likely to take place at those times.

Building up your horse’s exercise before competition should also reduce the chances of them being overweight on the day of the competition but remember this is also influenced by feeding so try to feed according to the amount and type of exercise performed.

Clipping summer coats

Horses with a thick summer coat may need clipping to prevent them from overheating. Certain breeds or types of horses have thicker hair than others, but horses suffering from pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction (Cushing’s Disease) often have longer hair or struggle to lose their winter coat so are more likely to require a haircut.

Electrolytes and fresh water

Electrolytes can be added to the feed or water during the summer or if planning on competing. This helps to replace salts lost through sweating. Adding salt to the diet may also encourage the horse to drink more water. Ensuring that your horse has access to plenty of freshwater is very important and should be offered regularly during transport and at a competition.

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When Is It Too Hot to Ride Your Horse?

To ride or not to ride, that is the question.

Temperature alone is not a good guide when it comes to deciding if you should ride on a hot summer day. It is the combination of heat and humidity that should be your major concern. Your horse’s natural radiator is a combination of skin surface and sweat. As your horse’s body warms up, his sweat glands release sweat: a combination of water and minerals. As the water evaporates off the skin it cools the body down. When the relative humidity (a measurement of moisture in the air) is over 75%, the ability of your horse to cool himself by sweating is greatly diminished. This occurs because the air is so full of moisture your horse’s sweat can no longer properly evaporate and cause cooling. While high heat (85°F or higher) or high humidity (above 80%) alone is not a problem, the combination of high heat and high humidity should raise red flags. If the combination of the temperature and the humidity (temperature + humidity) is over 180, skip riding for that day and give your horse a cool bath instead.

When and where to ride during warm weather

You have checked the temperature and humidity and it is not in the danger zone, but it is still hot. There are choices you can make that will keep both you and your horse more comfortable during your ride.

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3 Ways to Help a Hot Horse

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Summer is finally here! Glorious as it is, don’t you sometimes feel too hot? Well, you wouldn’t be the only one. Our pets can struggle too, especially in heatwaves. So, let’s take a special look at horses today, and how we can help them with overheating through the hot and humid weather.

1. Prevention

Of course, ideally your horse will never overheat or get heatstroke, because you’ll be prepared! Here’s what you can do to prevent your horse getting too hot in the first place:

Nonetheless, horse owners need to know how to help a horse who has managed to overheat.

2. Check for Symptoms

The first step is identifying if your horse is too hot. Obviously, they may struggle in a heatwave, but even moderate summer heat – especially coupled with high humidity – can get to them. Overheating symptoms in horses are quite similar to our own, so they should be easy to spot:

Dehydration is often closely connected to overheating. You can check a horse for dehydration just like you can check yourself, with the skin-pinch test. If you (gently!) pinch the skin on its neck and it doesn’t return to normal almost immediately, but rather stays in the lifted position for a few seconds, they’re probably dehydrated. (If you didn’t know, you can check your own hydration with this method using the skin on your knuckles.)

Another method as suggested by the RSPCA is as follows: “If your horse will let you, lift the upper lip of the horse and look at the gums above the teeth. The gums should be a healthy pink colour, shiny, moist and slippery. If they’re pale, dry or tacky this can be a tell-tale sign of dehydration. A quick and easy test can be performed by applying firm pressure to the horse’s gums with a thumb and seeing how long it takes for the pink colour to return after the thumb is removed. This should normally take 1-2 seconds; if it takes longer than this your horse may be suffering from dehydration.”

3. Cool & Hydrate

If your horse is displaying symptoms of overheating, it is important to cool them down immediately. Dousing them with cool water, such as with a hose, for 15 minutes or so should help them return to a normal temperature. Then, moving them out of the sun should help them stay cool. If they still seem to be struggling, as evidenced by an unsteady walk, or disinterest in their surroundings, contact your vet immediately as they could be suffering with heatstroke or heat exhaustion.

If your horse is displaying symptoms of dehydration, providing them with unlimited fresh drinking water is a must. However, fluids aren’t the only thing lost in sweat. When we (and horses) sweat, we lose important electrolytes (a type of mineral) from our bodies that we need to function. To make up for what horses lose when they’ve sweat excessively, they can take extra electrolytes. This can either be achieved by adding them to their water, adding salts to their food, or providing a simple salt lick. Always consult a vet to decide which is the best solution for your horse. If you’re ever in need of equestrian care whilst on holiday, get in touch with . We’d love to hear from you and would be happy to help!